Breast enlargement, also known as augmentation mammoplasty, is undertaken to increase the size of a patient’s breasts by means of implants, thereby enhancing self-image and increasing self-confidence. The fullness, shape and projection of breasts are improved for various reasons: to enlarge breasts that are naturally small; to restore breast size and shape after pregnancy, weight loss or breastfeeding and to restore symmetry when breasts are asymmetrical.
A mastopexy or breast lift improves the appearance of sagging breasts – which may occur as a result of significant weight loss, breastfeeding or simply the process of ageing. The procedure involves the modification of the breast size, shape, contour and elevation for a firmer, rounder form, as well as the removal of extra skin around the breast and the reduction of the areola size.
Breast reduction surgery, also known as reduction mammoplasty, is a procedure that reduces large breasts to a more comfortable size and shape – to alleviate discomfort or achieve a breast size proportionate to the body. Large or heavy breasts may cause backache, neck ache, shoulder strain, poor posture, skin irritation and self-image problems. This surgery addresses these issues by removing excess fat, tissue and skin from the breasts.
A breast lift augmentation can be seen as a combination of a breast lift and a breast enlargement. It follows the same procedure as a breast lift but includes the insertion of implants if breasts are perceived to be small and/or sagging.
A male breast reduction is the most effective treatment for gynaecomastia or enlarged male breasts. Excess fat and glandular tissue are removed to restore a flatter, firmer and more masculine contour to the chest – to enhance self-image and increase self-confidence.
The surgical treatment of breast cancer (mastectomy or lumpectomy) involves the complete or partial removal of female breast tissue. The process of rebuilding the breast is called breast reconstruction. A variety of surgical techniques are used to achieve a functional, cosmetic result. The surgery is an informed process and is planned in consultation with the patient’s goals and desires. Two main categories of reconstruction are used and generally involves using the patient’s own tissue or a breast implant to construct a natural-looking breast. Reconstruction of the areola and nipple can also be done, if indicated. The ultimate goal of this procedure is not only to treat breast cancer, but to restore the appearance of the breasts and to improve the psychological well-being of the patient.